What is The Great Sphinx?
The Great Sphinx is considered the embodiment of antiquity and mystery. It illuminated the imagination of many poets, travels, adventurers, and scientists over the millennia’s and even today as its origin still an enigma. The Sphinx is considered among the oldest and largest sculptures ever Created, it is made out of a single piece of limestone and carved into a statue taking the shape of a famous mythical creature called the Sphinx with the body of a lion and the head of a human to represent wisdom and power and stands at the height of 240 ft. (73 m) long and 66 ft. (20 m) high. It is a common knowledge that the statue was built during Egypt old kingdom in 4th dynasty during the reign of Pharaoh Khafre (2558 – 2532 BC) who constructed the second pyramid but that still a matter of uncertainty.
The Mysterious Nose of the Great Sphinx
The statue still holds a lot of unsolved puzzles like his famous nose as many hypotheses that explain his nose phenomenon, some believe it was destroyed by Napoleon troops in 1798-1801 CE but it was a wrong assumption as a famous drawing by a French artist called Frederic Luis Norden in 1737 show the destroyed nose. The most possible scenario is that the nose was damaged in the Arab Invasion of the 7th century or by a Muslim cleric the 14th century but at the end of the day there is no clear answer. The Sphinx also contains a beard that was attached to it at a later period. The statue was painted with red pigment with some yellow and blue like a character in a comic book.
Many Theories and Names of the Great Sphinx
Over the years, there have been many theories that put the Great Sphinx under Question and a massive debate when it comes to who, why and when it was built. The statue had been damaged and restored many times over the millennia and there were no documents of any kind in the old kingdom that would provide any information about its age or construction which led many archeologists and Egyptologists to debate its origin. It had a lot of names through history, as in Egypt new kingdom it was called Hor-em-Akhet which means Horus of the horizon and was heavily worshipped by the public especially during the reign of Thutmose IV, in the Greco-Roman period as the Sphinx as it paid a resemblance to a Greek mythological beast with a lion’s body, a woman’s head and the wings of an eagle called the Sphinx, in the 4th century of the Coptic era it was known as Bel-Hit which means the guardian and today it is referred as Abu Al-Hawl which means “The Father of Terror”.
Tours to the Great Sphinx
The Great Sphinx is one of the top Cairo tourist attractions which is an important point to visit and discover the history of it in life accompanied by Egyptologist tour guide, so if you prefer to visit Egypt, then we offer you the chance to explore our best Egypt tour packages and choose your favorite holiday which also mixed by Nile cruise.